1)Start winterizing buildings in the summer. The cost of heating your home can take a big bite out of your paycheck very quickly. (If you’ve moved from a very warm or hot region, you’re probably familiar with what air conditioning can do to a utility bill. This is the same; in reverse.)

Add more insulation to your attic, if you have one. Heat rises, and will escape through a poorly insulated attic. Fiberglass insulation comes in rolls with paper backing that you can roll and tack up to winterize your home.
Caulk cracks around windows and doors to eliminate drafts. Use water resistant caulk on the outside of buildings.
Add weather stripping to doors and windows when winterizing buildings.
Install outlet gaskets to electric outlets located on outer walls. The gaskets will eliminate drafts when you prepare your house for winter.
Clean your furnace, if you have one, and replace the air filter. Dirty air filters clog the flow of air and could start a fire.
Service your wood burning stove. Have a professional chimney sweep come out to clean and inspect your wood stove when preparing your house for winter.
Close off rooms that are not in use. Try to confine areas in your home that don’t require heating.

2)Consider installing double-paned windows in your home. Have 1 window installed at a time if you can’t afford to have them done all at once. Double-paned windows will help winterize your home.

3)Clean out your rain gutters in the fall after the leaves have fallen. Leaves and other debris will clog your gutters, which could create an ice dam on your roof.

4)Wrap pipes in unheated locations, such as crawl spaces beneath your house or in your garage, with foam insulation, pipe wrap or heat tape. When preparing your house for winter, you need to protect water pipes and prevent them from freezing and bursting.

Heating tape is an electrical wire that attaches to a thermostat to keep your exposed pipes heated to a specific temperature.
Read manufacturer’s directions when installing insulation products to winterize your home, and remember, if you use heating tape, you will need to connect it to electricity.

5)Close outside vents to your house as soon as it starts to get cold. Closing the vents will help winterize your home.

6)Install storm windows, if you have them. If you don’t have storm or double paned windows, you may put plastic on the windows when winterizing buildings.

Obtain winter plastic wrap and weather tape if you don’t have storm or double pane windows.
Cut the plastic wrap with a utility knife to fit your window frame.
Use weather tape to secure the plastic to the inside of your window frame. Apply heat with a hair dryer to shrink the plastic wrap when winterizing buildings.

7)Reverse the direction of your ceiling fan, if you have one. In the hot summer months, the fans are tilted to provide an air conditioning effect, and in the winter, you can turn the fan in the other direction to circulate the warm air.

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